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1800 Census Overview

As the second U.S. Census, the 1800 Census was relatively similar to the first one in 1790. Similarly to the 1790 United States census, 1800 census takers didn't ask questions such as the number of household members, military service or place of birth. However, newly added states and territories were included in the 1800 census year. In the 1800 Federal Census, two new states were included as well as the territories northwest of the Ohio River and Mississippi Territory.

1800 Census Facts

  • Census Date: August 1800
  • Census Date Released: August 1872
  • Number of States Participating: 16
  • New States in 1800 Census: Kentucky, Tennessee
  • Census Data Lost: Yes — Census records were lost for Georgia, Kentucky, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Virginia. In addition, the Indiana, Georgia, Mississippi, and Northwestern territories (excluding Washington County).

1800 Census Questions Asked

  • Name of the head of the family
  • Number of free white males and white females in different age groups
  • Number of all other free persons
  • Number of slaves

1800 Census Questions Asked

In the decade between the first U.S. Census in 1790 and the 1800 Census, a young America continued to build. Despite independence, the country and its people still faced lingering tensions from the American Revolution. During this period, the Bill of Rights was written and went into effect on December 15, 1791. Many institutions were created including the U.S. Post Office in 1792, a permanent navy, and the First Bank of the United States. During this decade, Eli Whitney completely revolutionized the cotton manufacturing industry with the cotton gin.

Can you trace your family history back to early Colonial America or the early 1800s? Search our wide selection of census records to find your ancestors and gain a greater understanding of their lives. Despite missing data from the 1800 Federal Census records, newspaper archives provide valuable details into our ancestor’s lives. Find iconic events such as George Washington’s final presidential address to the stories about daily life in published in historical newspapers from across the United States. Start with a name to trace your ancestors, build your family tree, and discover your family history.