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1830 Census Overview

The 1830 Census saw some essential changes. For the first time, the census was conducted in June as compared to August in previous census years. Most notably, the 1830 Census used printed schedules for the first time which allowed federal census takers to tabulate and organize census data in a more efficient manner. Printed census forms also make it easier for you to search as earlier census data required additional work by the researcher.

Regarding 1830 Census questions, the age range was extended to infancy and ages were recorded in intervals of 10 years. After the 1810 and 1820 censuses failed to capture manufacturing data, these questions were removed.

1830 Census Facts

  • Population: 12,860,702 - a 33.5% increase from the 1820 Census
  • Census Date: June 1, 1830
  • Census Date Released: 1902
  • Number of States Participating: 24 - New States: Missouri
  • US Territories Participated: Arkansas, Michigan, and Florida
  • Data Lost: Some records were lost for Massachusetts, Maryland, and Mississippi

1830 Census Questions Asked

  • Name of head of the household
  • The number of free White males and females within specific age ranges
  • The number of slaves and free colored persons within specific age ranges
  • The number of who were dumb, blind, or deaf of each age
  • The number of White persons who were from a foreign country not naturalized

Notable Events Between 1820-1830:

  • 1820 - The Missouri Compromise allowed slavery in the Missouri territory
  • 1821 - The U.S. acquired the Florida Territory from Spain
  • 1823 - Arikara Indian War began
  • 1824 - The first strike by female workers - in Pawtucket, Rhode Island
  • 1825 - The Erie Canal opened transforming New York City into the most important Atlantic ports in the U.S.
  • 1826 - Thomas Jefferson and John Adams died
  • 1827 - The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was incorporated - the first U.S. railroad to transport commercial goods and people
  • 1830 - Joseph Smith organized The Mormon Church & published The Book of Mormon

Whether your ancestors were one of the early Mormon settlers, the first women to go on strike, or an average Joe living in 1830, learn more about your family history and genealogy using the United States Federal Census. Find your ancestors in the 1830 census and narrow your search with newspaper archives to discover the people behind the names and events that defined their lives.