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Census Year

1910 Census Overview

Up until 1910, the census was conducted in June. However, it was moved to April to help census takers poll as much of the total population before people traveled for summer vacation. Another change included a last-minute question added to the census form about a person’s native tongue for any immigrants.

A separate Indian schedule was used to survey Native Americans in their respective counties and districts. Using the tribal details collected, you can cross reference Native American newspapers to verify and find additional information about their ancestors such as births and marital status.

  • Population: 92,228,496 - a 21% increase from the 1900 Census
  • Census Date: April 1910 (changed from June in previous years)
  • Census Date Released: 2006
  • Number of States Participating: 46 (Newly included: Oklahoma)
  • US Territories Participating: Alaska, Arizona, New Mexico, Hawaii, Puerto Rico
  • Data Lost: None
  • Separate American Indian Schedule: Yes

1910 Census Questions Asked

  • Name
  • Location
  • Household Data - Number of people, owned/rented
  • Relation - of the responder to the head of the household
  • Personal Description - Sex, race, age at last birthday, marital status
  • How many children is the respondent mother to? How many are still alive.
  • Education
  • Place of Birth
  • Father’s & Mother’s place of birth
  • Year of immigration to the U.S.
  • Naturalized? Alien?
  • English speaking? If not, what language?
  • Employment - type of work, actually at work, unemployed
  • Survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy?
  • Blind in both eyes? Deaf?

An additional Indian Schedule included another page of questions for American Indians noting both the respondent’s and parent’s tribe.

Notable Events Between 1900-1910:

Political Events
  • Oklahoma became the 46th state when the Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were combined in 1907.
  • Charles Curtis became the first Native American Senator elected to office (1907).
  • In 1909 American troops left Cuba for the first time since the start of the Spanish-American War.
  • The National Associate for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was formed in 1909.
Sports & Pop Culture
  • The Galveston, Texas hurricane in 1900 swept throughout Texas, killing 8,000, one of the most deadly natural disasters to this day.
  • The first U.S. movie theatre, Electric Theatre, opened in Los Angeles in 1902.
  • The 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and fire killed nearly 3,000 leaving the city in ruins.
Technological Advances
  • In 1903 the first two-way wireless communication was conducted between Europe and the U.S.
  • The first production Model T was built in 1908

Tips for Searching the 1920 Census on GenealogyBank

When searching the 1910 census, try using your ancestor’s first initial rather than his or her full name, as census takers would often only record the first initial of an individual's name instead of his or her full name. If you know your ancestor’s place of birth and other family members’ names, use this information to narrow your search. The 1910 U.S. Census provides a snapshot into this decade in U.S. history and a glimpse into your ancestory. Learn about the events that shaped your ancestor’s lives. From the iconic traditions we still celebrate today to technological advances that paved the way for future generations. Find your ancestors in the 1910 Census records and then narrow your search to reveal untold stories published in local newspaper articles about your family members.