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Census Year

1910 Census Overview

Up until 1910, the census was conducted in June. However, it was moved to April to help census takers poll as much of the total population before people traveled for summer vacation. Another change included a last-minute question added to the census form about a person’s native tongue for any immigrants.

A separate Indian schedule was used to survey Native Americans in their respective counties and districts. Using the tribal details collected, you can cross reference Native American newspapers to verify and find additional information about their ancestors such as births and marital status.

  • Population: 92,228,496 - a 21% increase from the 1900 Census
  • Census Date: April 1910 (changed from June in previous years)
  • Census Date Released: 2006
  • Number of States Participating: 46 (Newly included: Oklahoma)
  • US Territories Participating: Alaska, Arizona, New Mexico, Hawaii, Puerto Rico
  • Data Lost: None
  • Separate American Indian Schedule: Yes

1910 Census Questions Asked

  • Name
  • Location
  • Household Data - Number of people, owned/rented
  • Relation - of the responder to the head of the household
  • Personal Description - Sex, race, age at last birthday, marital status
  • How many children is the respondent mother to? How many are still alive.
  • Education
  • Place of Birth
  • Father’s & Mother’s place of birth
  • Year of immigration to the U.S.
  • Naturalized? Alien?
  • English speaking? If not, what language?
  • Employment - type of work, actually at work, unemployed
  • Survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy?
  • Blind in both eyes? Deaf?

An additional Indian Schedule included another page of questions for American Indians noting both the respondent’s and parent’s tribe.

Notable Events Between 1900-1910:

Political Events
  • Oklahoma became the 46th state when the Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were combined in 1907.
  • Charles Curtis became the first Native American Senator elected to office (1907).
  • In 1909 American troops left Cuba for the first time since the start of the Spanish-American War.
  • The National Associate for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was formed in 1909.
Sports & Pop Culture
  • The Galveston, Texas hurricane in 1900 swept throughout Texas, killing 8,000, one of the most deadly natural disasters to this day.
  • The first U.S. movie theatre, Electric Theatre, opened in Los Angeles in 1902.
  • The 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and fire killed nearly 3,000 leaving the city in ruins.
Technological Advances
  • In 1903 the first two-way wireless communication was conducted between Europe and the U.S.
  • The first production Model T was built in 1908

Tips for Searching the 1920 Census on GenealogyBank

When searching the 1910 census, try using your ancestor’s first initial rather than his or her full name, as census takers would often only record the first initial of an individual's name instead of his or her full name. If you know your ancestor’s place of birth and other family members’ names, use this information to narrow your search. The 1910 U.S. Census provides a snapshot into this decade in U.S. history and a glimpse into your ancestory. Learn about the events that shaped your ancestor’s lives. From the iconic traditions we still celebrate today to technological advances that paved the way for future generations. Find your ancestors in the 1910 Census records and then narrow your search to reveal untold stories published in local newspaper articles about your family members.

About the 1910 United States census

The 1910 US census was the thirteenth census of the United States and began on April 15, 1910. At that time, William H. Taft was the president of the US. In this census schedule, all responses reflected the individual's status as of April 15, even if the status had changed between April 15 and the day of enumeration. For example, children born between April 15 and the day of enumeration were not listed, while individuals alive on April 15 but deceased when the enumerator arrived were counted.

The 1910 census included 48 states, two territories (Arizona and New Mexico), Puerto Rico, and Military and Naval areas (in Philippines, Hospitals, Ships, and Stations). There were separate Native American population schedules for 1910 in which the tribe and/or band was also recorded. The original United States census of 1910 enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s; after which the original sheets were destroyed. The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Archives and Records Administration.

What can we learn from a US Census of 1910 search?

A 1910 federal census search can reveal whether the individual you’re looking for was an employer, employee, or self-employed. The census also included territories, military, and naval personnel. Some cities and counties were indexed separately from the state in the 1910 census records, such as Alabama, Georgia, Atlanta, Augusta, Macon, Savannah, Louisiana, New Orleans, and Shreveport.

The Census of 1910 (column 10) indicates how many children were born to each woman. And column 11 indicates how many of those children were still living. Column 15 indicates the person's year of immigration to the United States. This information should help in locating a ship passenger arrival list. Column 16 indicates the person's naturalization status. The answers are "Al" for "alien", "Pa" for "first papers," and "Na" for "naturalized". Columns 13-14 indicate the person's parents' birthplaces.

The 1910 census record (column 30) indicates whether the person was a "survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy." The answers are "UA" for Union Army, "UN" for Union Navy, "CA" for Confederate Army, and "CN" for Confederate Navy. These clues lead to military service and pension records. Column 26 indicates whether the person owned ("O") or rented ("R") the home or farm. Column 27 indicates whether home and farm owners owned their property with a mortgage ("M") or free of mortgage ("F").

Why are census records important?

Census records divulge many details about individuals and families. These records provide population schedules that are successive snapshots of Americans, showing where and how citizens were living at particular periods in the past. As we move further into the future, this data is an invaluable glimpse into the past that ensures it is not forgotten.

US census records are often the best starting point for genealogical research after home sources have been exhausted. Experienced genealogical researchers can use clues found in one record to find other records about the same individual. When it comes to authoritative information about individuals in the United States at any given point in time, census records are the gold standard.

In broad terms, census data helps us see how our country has changed and is changing. They can provide the building blocks of research, allowing you both to confirm information and also to learn more. Family researchers generally find it most helpful to begin with the most current census and work backwards as a strategy for locating people in earlier generations.

What can 1910 census records be used for?

The 1910 census records can be used to verify Civil War service, document ancestral origins, and locate military/naval personnel in hospitals, ships, and stations. You can use 1910 census information—along with other different census entries for the same person—to reveal unique information. It’s worth finding and studying each census record in which a specific person appeared. Details you learn from each one can help you more confidently recognize your relatives in the next entry you see.

While the person's age is not an exact date of birth, US census records for 1910 at least provide a "ballpark" figure useful for tracking the person from one census to the next and for locating the person in any existing vital records, especially if other people have the same name.

When you’re searching 1910 census records, you may find relatives identified at different times under their first or middle names, by nicknames, or by their initials. Their ages may be stated inconsistently, too. Name spellings in original records particularly differ before the 1900s and for immigrant families during the early 1900s. Names may also have been transcribed differently. Our genealogy search engine can help you recognize these variations and present them to you in your search results, which you can then click on to explore in more detail.