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Census Year

1810 Census Overview

As with the previous two censuses, the questions listed on the census form were relatively simple. However, the 1810 Census was the first census year to collect manufacturing data. As there was no separate manufacturing schedule the manufacturing data collected only highlighted industrial trends.

1810 Census Facts

  • Census Population: 7,239,881 - a 36.4% increase since the 1800 census
    - 1,191,362 of which were slaves
  • Census Date: August 1810
  • Census Date Released: 1902
  • Number of States Participating: 17
  • US Territories Participated: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Orleans
  • Data Lost: District of Columbia, Georgia, New Jersey, Tennessee, and the Indiana, Michigan, Mississippi, and Louisiana territories.
    - Partially lost data: the Illinois Territory and Tennessee

1810 Census Questions Asked

  • Name of head of household
  • Number of free White males and females within specific age ranges
  • Number of other free persons, except Indians, not taxed
  • Name of Slave Owner
  • Number of slaves
  • District or Town, County of residence

Notable Events Between 1800-1810:

  • 1803 - the U.S. expanded with the “Louisiana Purchase”
  • 1803 - Ohio admitted as the 17th state
  • 1804 - New Jersey was the last northern state to abolish slavery
  • 1804 - Alexander Hamilton died in a duel against Aaron Burr
  • 1805- the Michigan territory was established
  • 1805 - the Lewis and Clark Expedition reached the Pacific Ocean
  • 1809 - the Illinois territory was established

The 1810 Census helps you fill the gaps within your family tree and learn more details about your individual family members. Combine Federal Census data with our newspaper archives to uncover the intimate stories of your ancestor’s daily lives. Learn about the people behind the names - who they were and how they shaped your family heritage.